Electives & Advanced Placement Courses
- Foreign Languages
- History, Politics, Business and Social Sciences
- Judaic Studies
- Language and Literature
The Advanced Placement Course requires an in-depth study of the language, including a review of grammar structures, vocabulary and idiomatic expressions in active usage. Special emphasis is placed on all levels of proficiency (as outlined in the Standards for Foreign Language Learning in the 21st Century). This includes all themes in Contemporary Life with connection to modern music, personal and public identities, global challenges, science and technology, families and communities and beauty and aesthetics. The main objectives are: the ability to comprehend formal and informal spoken Spanish; the acquisition of higher level vocabulary and a grasp of structure to allow the easy, accurate reading of articles and literary selections as well as of modern Hispanic language; the ability to compose expository passages and the facility to express ideas orally with accuracy and fluency. The emphasis is placed on the acquisition of skills to allow for the understanding of authentic material presented on radio, television, other multimedia formats, and ultimately the A. P. examination. Some of the highlights of the course are: attending a theater performance at the Spanish Repertory Theater in Manhattan.
Spanish III- Advanced
This course places emphasis on developing all four skills of language proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing in a more advanced level. It also touches upon culture and communities, broadening the knowledge of Hispanic heritage in its different developments and achievements. The class also attends a theater performance at the Spanish Repertory Theater and other field trips.The spring semester will stress practice in auditory and oral competency as well as more advanced writing and reading skills in preparation for a June Pre AP exam, comparable to the former Regents Exam.
Intro to Foreign Languages: Arabic, Portuguese and Chinese
The Foreign Language Department is open to providing other languages upon sufficient interest and request. An elective class in introductory Arabic, French, Mandarin or Portuguese may be offered if a minimum of 5 students commit to the course.
Spanish for Business and Communication
Conversational Spanish geared toward students who wish to enhance their Spanish Language skills for a future business setting.
Accounting is the language in which business is spoken. This course provides students with an understanding of fundamental accounting concepts such as assets, liabilities, equity, revenues, and expenses. Through real-world examples, students are introduced to accounting systems and gain familiarity with basic financial statements: balance sheets, income statements, and statements of cash flow. Some of the more advanced topics include ownership structures and the depreciation of and amortization of assets. At the end of the year, a for-credit exam is offered to students who demonstrate mastery of the material.
A.P. Art History
The A.P. Course in Art History is the equivalent of a first year introductory level college course. It focuses on the development of Western Art from the ancient world to the modern era. Major movements and artists as well as their relationships to the historical period in which the art was created are studied. Serious students interested in the arts are encouraged to enroll. A midterm, research paper/project and final exam are required each semester. Students who do well in the A.P. exam may earn college credits.
Note: As the focus of the exam is the understanding of art in its historical context, students are encouraged to take A.P. European History as a companion course. All lovers of art are welcome.
This Advanced Placement Economics course covers both Micro and Macro Economics. Microeconomics provides a thorough understanding of the principles of economics that apply to the functions of individual decision makers, both consumers and producers, within the larger economic system. It places primary emphasis on the nature and functions of product markets, and includes the study of factor markets and the role of government in promoting greater efficiency and equity in the economy. Macroeconomics provides a thorough understanding of the principles of economics that apply to the economic system as a whole. The course places emphasis on the study of national income and price determination, and also develops familiarity with economic performance measures, economic growth, and international economics.
A.P. European History
The study of European history introduces students to cultural, economic, political and social developments that played a fundamental role in shaping the world in which they live. This knowledge establishes the context for understanding the development of contemporary institutions, the role of conflict and continuity in present-day society and politics, and the evolution of current forms of artistic expression and intellectual discourse.
In addition to providing a basic narrative of events and movements, the goals of the AP program in European History are to develop (a) an understanding of some of the principal themes in modern European history, (b) an ability to analyze historical evidence and (c) an ability to analyze and to express historical understanding in writing.
The course is based upon lectures supplemented with document analysis. In addition, the course includes various clips from documentaries and movies. A research paper is due in the spring semester.
A.P. US Government and Politics
One of the most valuable AP courses offered at Flatbush, this senior year class not only offers important college credit, but prepares you to understand your role as a U.S. citizen, something EVERY young person should know. We examine the key questions of modern American politics: who has power, how they got it, how do they use—and abuse–it, and how do they keep it. We’ll study the election process, political parties, special interest groups, lobbyists, and the impact of the media (with special attention to today’s social media) on politics. In addition, you’ll leave the class understanding the roles of each of the government branches and their relationship with each other. There is a school-wide MOCK ELECTION in November, for which students get to be the actual candidates and their campaign staffs. You will register voters, raise campaign ‘funds’ and use them to create and show TV commercials, posters, and polls. This very special project culminates in a school wide candidate debate and an election. In addition, there are other projects and role-playing sprinkled throughout the year. The curriculum is an integration of textbook, multi-media resources, current events, and class discussion. An AP test in given in May, for which college credit is received. The recommendation of your history teacher plus the acceptance of the AP instructor is required to take this course.
AP Psychology is a rigorous class which is the equivalent of a college level introductory psychology course. All students who are enrolled are required to take the AP exam. It is expected that a student interested in taking this course is motivated to examine the mind and human behavior, work at a college-pace and successfully complete the AP Exam. This course focuses on areas of study including: the brain and biological basis of behavior, child and adolescent development, thinking, conditioning, memory, perception, the experimental process, mental illness and therapies. In addition, the course explores the different approaches and schools of thought in psychology and the ways in which they apply to the real world. Requires Teacher approval
Textbook: Psychology: An Introduction by Morris & Maisto
The course requirements include:
- Reading the textbook and supplementary materials such as journal articles in preparation for class
- Completing homework assignments on assigned readings
- Studying selected chapters independently in preparation for tests
- Taking exams and quizzes modeled after the AP Exam
- Creating a Psychology Portfolio of analyses of articles related to psychology
- Completing a research paper on an assigned topic
A.P. U.S. History
A very unique course at Flatbush, this well-respected AP course is offered as a ‘semi-independent study’ elective, meeting a minimum of once a week. The course is given in the Junior year, parallel to required history classes. The AP class begins where the Junior US HIstory class ends, at the dawn of the 20th century and continues through to today. Class requirements include assigned readings and written homeworks, consistent attendance, active class participation, a term paper (due September of your senior year), and passing the AP, which is given in May. Students must show an ability to use analytical, deductive, and critical thinking skills, and must fulfill the unique requirements of this course. This course offers not only the usual AP college credit, but also students who are successful in meeting all criteria are exempt from senior year American History. A recommendation from a History teacher and success on the entrance exam are required by the instructor for acceptance into the course.
A.P. World History
The AP World History course content is structured around the investigation of 5 course themes and 19 key concepts in 6 different chronological periods, from approximately 8000 B.C.E. to the present. The key concepts support the investigation of historical developments within a chronological framework, while the course themes allow students to make crucial connections across the six historical periods and across geographical regions.
Albert Hazan Memorial Program in Sephardic Jewish History
This class explores the fascinating history and culture of Sephardic Jewry. It begins, with the history of the Jews in Spain, moves on diaspora and concludes with discussions of contemporary Sephardic communities.
Requirements for course: 1) Regular reading and writing assignments based on Jane Gerber’s The Jews of Spain and a primary source reader 2) quizzes, a midterm, and final 3) a creative portfolio presented at the end of the year
Visits to religious and cultural institutions around the city, films, music, and food brings the subject to life. Trips include the Sephardic Film festival, the Spanish-Portuguese synagogue, the Lower East Side Tenement Museum, and a day in the Persian community of Great Neck, culminating in an end- of-the- year banquet at Kolbeh. A Sephardic heritage trip to Spain and Gibraltar, or Cuba, or Morocco enhances the educational experience.
This college-level course introduces students to a variety of legal concepts and issues that relate to business. The basic elements of contracts, sales, and torts are of primary focus. The course includes discussion of many real world examples and includes excursions relevant to the course. Upon successful completion of the course, students will be prepared to take the CLEP exam for college credit.
Whether you are a CEO running a large business or a student working at a part time job, employment law will have a substantial impact on your life. This elective we will examine a broad range of employment law topics including legal regulation of the hiring and firing process, testing and privacy issues, wage and hour laws, discrimination, employee independent contractor differences, covenants not to compete, and related topics including a foray into sports law.
Criminal and Constitutional Law – (Edward M. Dweck Memorial Program)
Whether you want to be a lawyer, or be an informed citizen, or you just want to watch ‘Law and Order’ and be able to yell at the TV and say “hey, they can’t do that!”, this course offers it all. Open to Juniors AND Seniors in the first part of the year, this class studies case law on key constitutional issues (past and present). We will talk about civil liberties, civil rights, and due process, with a special emphasis on how the Constitution affects teenagers. (in other words, can schools limit your right to free speech or press, or search your lockers; can the police treat kids differently than they do adults—those are the kinds of things we learn about). Next we do criminal law; crime, and the role of courts, lawyers, judges, juries—how they really work, or why they don’t. This section will culminate with a Mock Trial, and students will play lawyers, witnesses, and the jury. Time permitting, the remainder of the year will doing brief looks at consumer, family, and business law. The curriculum is an integration of textbook, multi-media resources, current events, and active class discussion. There are no requirements for taking this course, other than being an interested junior or senior who understands the incredible importance of understanding your rights under the law.
Students are introduced to some of the many facets of international law that affect our lives and govern how countries relate towards each other, including when a country can declare war and the parameters of self-defense, especially in regards to counter-terrorism. This course looks at genocide and humanitarian intervention and we will investigate who is entitled to establish a country and the acquisition of territory.
Special focus is placed on:
- understanding America’s role in the world through questions of the legal justification of US invasions of Iraq and Afghanistan and America’s response to 9/11; and
- the State of Israel: ownership of disputed territories, the building of settlements on territories conquered in war, counter-terrorism operations and preemptive military strikes, disproportionate use of force and collateral damage.
Principles of Education
Students serve as teaching interns in the elementary school. They observe students and teachers in action, work with individual students, work with an entire class; have an exhilarating learning experience. The interns are assigned to work with a class 3 days a week (M, T, Th 9th and 10th pd 2:30-4:00PM) at the elementary school and meet in a seminar once a week (W 10th pd) at the high school.
The course covers the following topics: nature of education, dynamics of a classroom setting, stages of human development, art and science of teaching, variety of teaching and learning styles, and legal and ethical issues in education. In addition to presentations on these topics, students’ classroom experiences serve as topics for discussion in the Wednesday seminar.
Marketing is an interesting and intriguing subject that applies to a vast array of businesses and industries worldwide. For those interested in pursuing business careers, marketing can be an integral addition to their education.
The course covers the following general topics: What is marketing? Why do businesses need it?
Other topics include:
- understanding target markets and consumer behavior
- planning and developing a marketing strategy and marketing plan
- economics of marketing
- understanding competition
- virtual marketing
As well as determining the best price, business-to-business marketing and risk management. The skills taught in marketing classes are useful in all facets of life, from business and hiring to self-marketing! At the end of the academic year a for-credit exam is offered to students who demonstrate mastery of the material there will be an opportunity to take a for-credit exam at the end of the academic year.
Advanced Music Theory
This seminar style course, requires that students have the ability to read music, have proficiency on a musical instrument, and are able to sing on pitch. The course includes fundamental writing skills, sight singing, ear training, and learning to write melodic and harmonic dictation. Whereas the sophomore year course in Music Appreciation focuses on the history of music, this course emphasizes the building blocks of music including intervals, scales and keys, chords, metric organization, and rhythmic patterns. The class meets three times a week.
A.P. Music Theory
This is an extensive one-year college level course that further explores topics and concepts learned in the Advanced Music Theory course for sophomores and juniors. Students take part in daily ear-training exercises, sight-singing, recognition of chord changes, writing melodic and harmonic dictations, and more creative and sophisticated tasks, such as: realization of figured bass, realization of Roman numeral progression, composition of bass line for a given melody, and implying appropriate harmony. In addition, the course emphasizes score analysis through listening to a wide variety of music, including not only music from standard Western repertoire but also contemporary, jazz, and popular music.
Advanced Studio Art
This course is the prerequisite to AP Studio Art and is designed to address the interests of students looking to develop their skills beyond sophomore year art. Coursework includes the development of classical drawing and painting skills as well as an introduction to experimental and conceptual modes of expression.
A.P. Studio Art
This course is designed for Juniors & Seniors who are interested in developing their artistic skills beyond the sophomore year requirements. Coursework includes the development of classical drawing skills, concept development and the cultivation of personal modes of expression. Students are encouraged to explore a range of media and stylistic approaches including sculpture, drawing, painting and architecture. This college level course is designed according to the AP guidelines for art instruction. Students will prepare a portfolio for submission to the College Board.
Advanced Graphic Design
This advanced level graphic arts course builds on the Intro course completed in the sophomore year. Assignments explore design processes with an emphasis on critical thinking, concept development, implementation and the principles of design. Students heighten their awareness and understanding of our visual cultural, learn the vocabulary used in the field of graphic arts, and gain an appreciation for successful design. Assignments will be created using Adobe Creative Suite software (Illustrator, Photoshop, and InDesign).
AP 2-D / Photography
This is an advanced level course that enables students to develop mastery in concept, composition, and execution of ideas, while introducing students to the field of photography and the digital darkroom. Students are provided with DSLR cameras and learn camera mechanic basics, principles of design, Photoshop as digital darkroom and photo manipulation. Assignments are based on traditional photographic techniques and subjects and include discussions of historic influences, traditional genres of photography and the aesthetics of photography as art. The course is designed for students who have an interest in photography and design and who enjoy taking pictures. All photo assignments are completed outside of the classroom as homework.
The course is developed as a college level program completed at the high school level. Requirements for the final portfolio have been developed by the College Board Advanced Placement Program and promote a sustained investigation of the three aspects of portfolio development—quality, concentration, and breadth—which are represented in 24 different advanced level artworks submitted to the College Board for scoring in May. Students explore a variety of concepts and approaches in order to demonstrate their abilities and versatility with problem solving, ideation, and techniques. Students’ initial projects (Breadth) are used to develop a plan of action for their Concentration. Students maintain a daily sketchbook/creative journal throughout the course as an additional source for concentration ideas.
AP 2-D Design
This advanced level design course is developed as a college level program completed at the high school level and builds on the Intro course completed in the sophomore year. Assignments explore design processes, with an emphasis on critical thinking, concept development, implementation and the principles of design. Students heighten their awareness and understanding of our visual cultural, learn the vocabulary used in the field of graphic arts, and gain an appreciation for successful design. Assignments are created using Adobe Creative Suite software (Illustrator, Photoshop, and InDesign).
Requirements for the final portfolio have been developed by the College Board Advanced Placement Program and promote a sustained investigation of the three aspects of portfolio development—quality, concentration, and breadth—which are represented in 24 different advanced level artworks submitted to the College Board for scoring in May. Students explore a variety of concepts and approaches in order to demonstrate their abilities and versatility with problem solving, ideation, and techniques. Students’ initial projects completed in the fall semester (Breadth) demonstrate a wide range of design concepts and principles. The spring semester focuses on an in-depth exploration of a specific design concentration. Students maintain a daily sketchbook/creative journal throughout the year as an additional source for ideas for their concentration.
Drama and Public Speaking
Whether you’re a veteran performer at Flatbush, or someone who’s afraid to even speak in class, this course was created to help both those students who want to develop confidence in public situations and/or those students who want to work on expanding their acting skills. Open to Juniors AND Seniors the course begins with a focus on public speaking, where students learn techniques to overcome nervousness and to be effective communicators, both with prepared material and extemporaneously, a skill critical to college and job interviews. The remaining part of the school year is devoted to drama with emphasis on concentration exercises, improvisation (teaching students how to think quickly and stay focused), scene study are character development. Drama also examines the great works of theater and classic movies, and the actors who brought them to life, giving students an appreciation for America’s cultural pasts. ‘Tests’ are performances which indicate a student’s mastery of the skills taught. No requirements are necessary to take this course, other than a willingness to fully participate.
In addition to content defined by the tractate and its subject material, this course focuses on several skill sets related to the study of Talmud. The Talmud is a complex text that was compiled thousands of years ago in an ancient tongue. Students learn the language and idioms and the syntactical style of the Talmud in order to work from the original text. Students study the Talmudic style of argument and the process of logical deduction, becoming familiar with the fine-grained analysis for which this classic source text is deservedly famed. Students learn to focus on the choice of language, the thread of reasoning and the concepts that are utilized in the text. In the traditional style, students wrestle with the text to tease out underlying principles from the cases that are presented so that they can make nuanced distinctions between varieties of related cases.
The student learns to analyze and study the Talmudic text from an assigned tractate through lecture and recitation, with intensive individual and small group mentoring.
Major objectives are for students to develop familiarity with the encyclopedic source text of Jewish Oral tradition and become adept at Talmudic research and relating Halachic law to the Talmudic sources. Additionally, they will develop language skills to work with ancient texts in their original language and through a heuristic methodology, sharpen and extend student analytic and reasoning skills. This class will prepare students for study in Israeli Talmud academies at an advanced level and hone a student’s appreciation for the complexity and intellectual intricacy of classical Jewish learning.
The course will culminate in a preparation of a paper or detailed presentation based upon tracing a Talmudic principle derived from one of the case texts through the interpretive literature of the medieval Rishonim commentaries.
A.P. English Literature and Composition
Advanced Placement English requires a study of language, composition, and literature. In literature students engage in intensive critical reading and analysis of representative college works from several genres and periods. The individual work is examined for its language, characters, action and theme. Students also consider each literary works structure, meaning and value in addition to its relationship to contemporary experience and the times in which it was written.
Through the experience of their own writing, students become more aware of the resources of language: connotation, metaphor, irony, syntax and tone. They learn to identify characteristic forms of discourse and the assumptions underlying various rhetorical strategies. Students develop their skills in writing critical literary analysis of prose and poetry as well as practice and review the expository and argumentative modes in writing.
Creative Writing Course
The course is an intensive writing workshop for students who wish to test, explore and broaden their creative imaginations through avid reading and keen imitation. Using poetry as a medium, the class journeys through various poetic forms, periods and approaches, stopping along the way to examine the short story and children’s literature. Students read and study a variety of materials from Shel Silverstein Tree Where the Sidewalk Ends, Pablo Neruda’s Selected Odes, Frank O’Hara’s Lunch Poems, and Walt Whitman’s Song of Myself, as well as children’s literature Dr. Seuss and Judi Barrett.
Students can expect to be assessed via workshops with fellow writers, a writing journal, continuous writing of poetry, short stories, a children’s story, and a manuscript that contains a typed revised copy of all of their work. In addition, students are assigned a final project that is presented and submitted at a final reading at the end of each term.
Literature: Coming of Age Through the Decades
This course examines the theme “Coming of Age” through various media including film, literature (fiction and non-fiction), and poetry. Both semesters include a term paper and a coming of age writing project. Students must have a grade of 80 or above on the last report card to qualify.
Journalism and Creative Writing
Learn the fundamentals of print journalism. Examine how and why news is produced and reported the way it is. Master the craft of journalistic writing. Explore the principles of hard news and feature articles, interviews, op-ed and editorial pieces, and reviews. The course also looks at issues in contemporary journalism, such as the unique ethics of journalism, the impact of the Internet, the growth of corporate ownership of media outlets, and the prevalence of media conglomerates.
Students are expected to master the fundamentals of creative writing. Assignments include memoir, poetry, fiction, and more. Emphasis is placed on the process of writing, as well as the techniques specific to each genre. Students keep portfolio of all their work and are graded on their portfolios.
A.P. Calculus AB
The Advanced Placement Calculus course includes the study of limits, derivatives, integrals and their applications. The class emphasizes a varied approach to calculus, with concepts, results, and problems being expressed graphically, numerically, analytically and verbally. The graphing calculator is an integral part of the course. In addition to examples from the textbook, previous advanced placement examination problems are analyzed throughout the year. The AP course ends with the Advanced Placement Calculus AB exam, on the basis of which students may earn college credit.
A.P. Calculus BC
As an Independent Course Study, seniors who completed AB Calculus as juniors may prepare to take the A.P. Calculus BC exam through a seminar style course. Topics include differential equations, series and sequences, polar coordinates and vectors.
This class is a non-AP Calculus course. The topics included are the same as those taught in the AP Calculus course. This course, less rigorous than the AP Calculus course, is geared to the student who plans to take Calculus in college.
Students taking this course will learn the traditional pre-calculus curriculum. Topics covered are theory of equations, matrix algebra, real and complex numbers, and all topics related to the study of functions. Algebraic, logarithmic, exponential and trigonometric functions are included. This course is open to 11th grade accelerated math honors students and to 12th grade students.
This Advanced Placement course introduces students to the major concepts and tools used for the collection, analysis and conclusion developed from data. Students learn to describe patterns and departures from patterns in data samples. Students develop skills in the planning and implementation of a study that collects data. Intrinsic in this course is the exploration of random phenomena using probability and simulation, and statistical inference, which involve estimating population parameters and testing hypotheses. This is a course for the student with exceptionally strong mathematical reasoning skills. It is the equivalent of a college level introductory statistics course.
The Advanced Placement Biology program follows the recommended curriculum of the Educational Testing Service (ETS) and the College Board. It is a university level program in biology that is the equivalent of the first year biology survey course. The course revolves around four ‘Big Ideas:’
- The process of evolution drives the diversity and unity of life.
- Biological systems utilize free energy and molecular building blocks to grow, to reproduce and to maintain dynamic homeostasis.
- Living systems store, retrieve, transmit and respond to information essential to life processes.
- Biological systems interact, and these systems and their interactions possess complex properties.
Required readings are taken from college texts as well as other source materials. Both assessments and independent projects are designed to challenge students and to develop enhanced critical thinking skills. It is a demanding and technical curriculum which includes the laboratory work expected of college freshman.
Advanced Placement Chemistry is a national program through which students may earn a full year’s college credit in chemistry. It is general chemistry, which is equivalent to that offered in the first two terms at most universities as Chemistry 1 and 2. Major topics include: atomic structure, bonding, stoichiometry, phases, solutions, redox and electrochemistry, kinetics, equilibrium, acid-base theory and equilibria, thermodynamics, and general descriptive chemistry. Minor topics include: nuclear chemistry, organic chemistry, and coordination chemistry. Laboratory topics include: determination of atomic mass of a metal, determination of equivalent metal, molar mass of a gas standardization of a base, acid-base titration, and qualitative analysis.
The major goals of the course are to prepare students for college level science courses, and to prepare them for the ETS AP Chemistry examination, which serves as the final examination for the course.
There are no term papers, projects or presentations, reflecting the requirements of general college chemistry. Laboratory reports constitute the only written requirements other than performance on class examinations. Examinations are essentially college “lecture tests,” and are two hours in length. Students who are able to take calculus while taking AP Chemistry are encouraged to do so, as there is material common to both disciplines. All students are required to take the Advanced Placement Test in May for which they may earn a full year’s college credit in chemistry.
A.P. Physics 1
AP Physics 1 is equivalent to a first-semester college course in algebra-based physics. The course covers fluid mechanics; thermodynamics; electricity and magnetism; optics; and atomic and nuclear physics. No prior course work in physics is necessary for students to enroll in AP Physics 1. Students should have completed geometry and be concurrently taking Algebra II or an equivalent course with an above 90 averages. Although the Physics 1 course includes basic use of trigonometric functions, this understanding can be gained in the junior math (algebra) course.
All students are required to take the Advanced Placement Test in May for which they may earn a semester of college credit in physics.
A.P. Physics C
Advanced Placement Physics is a national program through which students can earn a full year’s college credit in Physics. This an extensive one-year college level course that further explores topics and concepts learned in Regents Physics. The development of problem solving ability and creative approaches are emphasized. Topics covered include mechanics, electricity and magnetism, and modern physics. Due to the nature of the small class a more interactive environment is established, promoting the discussion of practical physics problems. This course is the equivalent of the first year physics course, with calculus, offered at most universities and includes laboratory work. All students are required to take the Advanced Placement Test in May for which they may earn a full year’s college credit in physics.
This course is equivalent to a freshman year college course in Basic Genetics. The course covers 5 major topics/ overarching themes:
- The molecular and chromosomal basis of inheritance
- Transmission and Heredity – Mendelian Genetics
- From Genotype to Phenotype (including aspects of Development)
- Mutation, variation and Evolution
This course is ideal for motivated seniors who are looking for a 4th year of Science and who have a keen interest in Biology, Genetics and Biotechnology. It is also idea ideal for students who did not take AP Biology in their Junior year.
The course includes a lab component. Both the lecture and lab component of the course follow the standard assessment policies of the Science department.
This elective course provides an appreciation of the physical world by investigating how and why bodies behave the way they do and the forces involved. Topics range from measurements and mathematics including graphing data, scalar and vector quantities, and evaluating experimental results; mechanics which encompasses kinematics, statistics, dynamics, two-dimensional motion and trajectories, uniform circular motion, Newton ’s universal law of gravitation, friction, momentum, the simple pendulum; energy including work, forms of energy, potential and kinetic energy, elastic potential energy, and work-energy relationships; electricity and magnetism including electrostatics, electric fields currents, and circuits, and electromagnetic induction; waves, periodic wave phenomena, light, and the electromagnetic spectrum; modern physics including wave-particle duality of energy and matter, models of the atom, and particle physics; and use of the reference tables for physics.
Physics is particularly recommended for students planning pre-med, pre-dental, health related careers, math engineering, biology or chemistry careers. For students not planning to take physics in college, this course offers a last opportunity for acquiring an understanding of the fundamental laws of nature and how the universe operates.
A.P. Environmental Science
Advanced Placement Environmental Science course provides students with the scientific principles, concepts and methodologies required to understand the inter-relationships of the natural world, to identify and analyze environmental problems both natural and human-made, to evaluate the relative risks associated with these problems, and to examine alternative solutions for resolving or preventing them. The course is multi-disciplinary in its approach, drawing upon the sciences of biology, chemistry, geology as well as the sociological and political implications. The course includes a laboratory component. All students are required to take the Advanced Placement Test in May for which they may earn a full year’s college credit in biology.
Regents Earth Science
This course places emphasis on the physical nature of the planet Earth and the forces and phenomena that interact with each other resulting in natural events, predictable cycles and other aspects that contribute to the planet. Major topics include: Geology (Minerals and Rocks; Plate Tectonics), Ocean and Atmospheric Phenomena, The Water Cycle, Maps and Cartography, Weathering and Erosion, Deposition, Landscapes, Isoline Diagrams, Meteorology (Weather Variables, Weather Systems, Weather Prediction, and Climates), Seasons and Isolation, Astronomy (Earth’s Motions, The Solar System, and Deep Space), History of the Earth, Earth’s Coordinates, and Evolution.
The Earth Science course has, as do all Regents science courses, a required laboratory component that is intrinsic to the course and success on the Regents examination.
The course is intended for students who are interested in a greater understanding of the Earth and its physical characteristics. Students interested in going on to careers in Geology, Meteorology, Astronomy, and related areas find this course particularly interesting and useful.
Criminal Science (forensics) is the study of how scientific techniques are applied to legal situations. Topics covered in this course include: crime scene analysis, data collection and the study of physical evidence. These include (but are not limited to) evidence provided by blood analysis, fingerprints, hair, fibers, toxicology, biochemistry, DNA fingerprinting, skin, tire tracks, soil, saliva, body fluids, glass, weapons, ballistics, handwriting, inks, forgery analysis, paper analysis and structural materials analysis. Timely news articles and Internet sources are used extensively. So-called “white collar” crime issues, such as embezzling and fraud are discussed.
The Science of Nutrition/ First Aid Certification
In terms of health, “we are what we eat”. In nutrition science, students study how our bodies transform everything from hot dogs to salads into usable energy and learn how changes like aging, illness and exercise affect the human body. The class explores the latest research in the complex relationship between the body, nutrients, and health. Additional important topics include nutritional and health requirements of children, athletes, or others with special needs, and the effect of aging, gender and various diseases on nutritional needs.
First Aid – Be prepared for a wide range of emergencies – either in daily life personal life or in sports or related group activities. The First Aid program, which is part of the second semester of The Science of Nutrition course; learn skill, how to handle emergencies and receive certification in both CPR and First Aid.